Development of English Language Proficiency
The concept of proficiency combines fluency and accuracy. Proficient second language learners are able to speak, listen, read, and write confidently in the new language over a range of topics, with native-like speed and pauses and using nativelike rules of correctness. Proficient language learners may have developed their skills through formal instruction. Others may have acquired them through living in the target culture, being raised bilingually, or some combination of these. Here are 5 Steps to develop of English Language Proficiency
1. Write things down (by hand)
Despite the fact that constant progress in technology seems to make handwriting a thing of the past, do not underestimate the power of writing things down to stimulate your memory! Whenever I start learning a new language – I’m trying Croatian at the moment – I keep an old-fashioned notebook where I can write down all the new words and the main grammar points. The physical effort to actually write the words down helps me to memorize them better, and using different colored inks makes it even more eye-catching.
2. Get musical
The learning potential of songs has been universally recognized, and I can confirm it from my own experience. My main reason for starting to learn new languages was indeed the desire to understand what Mariah Carey kept singing from my stereo. My advice in this case would be to not be discouraged by complicated lyrics – take small steps, learn the chorus first and then move to the rest. But also, do not be disappointed when you find out that a song has a completely different meaning from what you had imagined – at least, you have learnt enough of the language to realize it!
3. Watch TV in your new language
These days, it’s extremely easy to access to TV series and movies in the original language, no matter where you live or what new language you are going to study. I would recommend to stick to short episodes at first, in order to be able to watch scenes several times without being discouraged. First, watch without subtitles (or with English subtitles); then, switch on the subtitles for your own native language and check your understanding. Take notes of idiomatic expressions or particular words that you didn’t know in your notebook. Beware: I often hear from students things like “I should watch a cartoon, it’s for children so it must be easy!”, but keep in mind that cartoons are made for native speakers, and often use language appropriate for children, which is not necessarily easy or useful for you to learn!
4. Connect with language learners and teachers online
If you have access to a good internet connection, you can look for language classes with native speakers through programs such as Skype or FaceTime. You can use this not only for conversation classes, but also grammar and writing classes, since the chat works just like a common white board! You can also find many online platforms where you can offer language exchanges with users who are interested in learning your own language… a great way to make new friends, too.
5. Change the language settings on your social networks
One of the first things I always recommend to my students is to switch all their devices and social networks to their target language. It isn’t easy at first, to scroll through posts, read messages or even make a call when you are not sure about the words you read on screen – I still open an online translator when I need to download something from my Croatian-speaking Facebook – but you will see that in no time you will get used to verbs such as “share”, “like”, “cancel” or “read” that may be very useful when traveling or reading business emails!